Diary Preface - Diary Part I - Diary Part III - Diary Addendum - Haskell Home Page.
September 1, 1775 -- December 31,
(Born July 1, 1754 - Died January 12, 1829)
September 1st, Friday. -- This morning is stormy; clears off at 11
o'clock. I went on guard.
September 2nd, Saturday. -- This morning is pleasant. We had a number of shells and some shot thrown among us, but did no damage. At night was relieved. Among all the shells thrown among us not one man has been hurt by them.
September 3rd, Sunday. -- This morning there was a storm of rain. In the afternoon had several shells thrown at us from Bunker's Hill. Our guard killed and 15 of the enemy.
September 4th, Monday. -- This morning is thick and stormy. Clears off pleasant in the afternoon.
September 5th, Tuesday. -- A pleasant morning after a long storm. All still here. At night I went on guard at P. Hill.
September 6th, Wednesday. -- Good weather! No firing on either side. At night was relieved from guard.
September 7th, Thursday. -- Last night the riflemen took three horses from the enemy. Some firing in the afternoon in Boston. General orders that no man go out of the camp.
September 8th, Friday. -- Our brigade all off duty in order to pass muster.
September 9th, Saturday. -- Are off duty today. We were drawn up to pass muster, and were disappointed. Orders were given to raise men to go to Canada. At night I went on guard at Ploughed Hill.
September 10th, Sunday. -- This morning I went on fatigue. In the afternoon I enlisted under the command of Capt. Ward for the expedition to Quebec.
September 11th, Monday. -- This morning marched to Cambridge. Joined Capt. Ward's company. Drew our clothing and got in readiness to march. Five prisoners were brought to Cambridge taken at Dorchester. In the evening I set out with a guard, with provision; went as far as Lynn, and put up at Newell's to wait there till the detachment came up.
September 12th, and 13th, Tuesday & Wednesday. -- At Lynn, waiting for the party to come up.
September 14th, Thursday. -- This morning the detachment came up. We set out with them for Newburyport; marched as far as Beverly and put up. I got liberty to go on to Newbury; set out; arrived there 1 o'clock at night.
September 15th, Friday. -- This afternoon the party arrived at N. Our company quartered in the Town House.
September 16th, Saturday. -- At Newburyport, getting in readiness to embark for Kennebeck river.
Sept. 17th, Sunday. -- Attended public worship; heard the Rev. Mr. Spring our chaplain.
Sept. 18th, Monday. -- This afternoon we embarked on board the transports. We had 1100 men, commanded by Col Arnold and Lieut. Cols. Green and Enos. Eleven transports.
Sept. 19th, Tuesday. -- This day about 9 o'clock weighed our anchors, and came to sail with a southwardly wind. After we got over the bar, we lay to, waiting for orders from the Commodore. At 10 o'clock received orders.
The jack was hoisted on board the Commodore. We made sail with a fine breeze; in the
evening the wind quick at S.E. About 1 o'clock we hove to and lay until morning.
Sept. 20th. Wednesday. -- This morning is thick and foggy weather. At 9 o'clock the fog broke away. We the made land at the mouth of the river Kennebeck at 12 o'clock. We got in and came to anchor in the afternoon. Came to sail, went a few miles up the river, came to, and lay until morning.
Sept. 21st, Thursday. -- This morning is pleasant, but no wind. We hove up early, it being flood tide. We took our boat ahead, towed 15 miles up river, and came to anchor at Georgetown. Lay until near night; then we hove up, made sail, but ran aground. In the evening we got off again and came to anchor.
Sept. 22nd, Friday. -- We made sail early this morning and crossing Merry Meeting Bay we ran aground at ebb-tide. At 11 o'clock the Swallow came up with us. We were ordered on board of her, then we went as far as Cobbescontee, then came to.
Sept. 23rd, Saturday. -- Came to sail this morning; went as far as Hallowell, where we landed with all our baggage 3 mile below Fort Weston.
Sept. 24th, Sunday. -- This morning I took my pack, traveled to Fort Weston, where we encamped on the ground. Several of the companies have no tents here. We are very uncomfortable, it being rainy, and cold and nothing to cover us. Last night a man was shot by another that belonged to the detachment. This afternoon the wounded man died and the suspected man was taken up.
Sept. 25th, Monday. -- This morning I was on quarter guard. A Court martial sat on the trial of the murderer, brought him in guilty and sentenced him to be hung.
Sept. 26th, Tuesday. -- This morning a gallows was erected, the murderer brought out and sat upon it for about half an hour, then was taken down to be sent back to Cambridge to have another trial. One man whipped and drummed out for stealing. The Riflemen sat off in the batteaux.
Sept. 27th, Wednesday. -- This afternoon we landed our batteaux and set out, part in the boat and part by land. Went about 2 miles, were obliged to wade part of the way, encamped by the river.
Sept. 28th, Thursday. -- This morning I set out in a batteaux. We begin to see that we have a scene of trouble to go thro' in this river, the water is swift and the shoal full of rocks, ripples and falls, which oblige us to wade a great part of the way. Went twelve miles and encamped at Winslow.
Sept. 29th, Friday. -- This morning I set out by land, traveled 4 miles to Ft. Halifax. Crossed the river to Halifax Falls, landed our boats at the foot of the falls, carried them over the carrying places 120 rods, a new sort of work for us. Tonight we encamped above the falls.
Sept. 30th, Saturday. -- This morning I set out in the batteaux. We had a tedious time today on passing the 5 mile falls (carried them over the carrying places 120 rods a new sort of work to us) when we were obliged to wade almost the whole way. Now we are learning to be soldiers. We are in the rear of our company. At night we encamped at Winslow.
October 1st, Sunday. -- I went about two miles in the batteaux and 4 by land. We encamped in the woods at Goshen.
October 2nd, Monday. -- We went about 9 miles today, 4 of which were exceedingly bad. We had to wade and tow our boats. At night we hauled up our boats at Meconick landing place in Caanan.
October 3rd, Tuesday. -- This morning we carried our boating over the carrying places about 100 rods and set out with them, went about five miles. Encamped at Norridgerwait.
October 4th, Wednesday. -- Set out early this morning. Had smooth water about 4 miles and one mile the water was exceedingly rapid. Came to Norridgewait carrying place. Hauled up our boats and encamped.
October 5th, Thursday. -- At Norridgewait carrying place repacking our provisions and repairing our boats.
October 6th, Friday. -- This morning employed in carrying our boats over the carrying place, which is a mile and a quarter. Our baggage we carried by cattle. Here are the last inhabitants on this river. In the afternoon we set out, went about one mile and encamped.
October 7th, Saturday. -- I set out by land this morning. We went about 7 miles and encamped.
October 8th, Sunday. -- A rainy day. Went about 8 miles in rough shoal water. Encamped.
October 9th, Monday. -- A cold morning. Set out this morning in the boat; went three miles; came to a carrying place; carried over half a mile; set out again; went 4 miles encamped.
October 10th, Tuesday. -- Set out this morning by land; traveled 14 miles. Encamped at the great carrying place.
October 11th, Wednesday. -- Unloaded our boats and hauled them up.
October 12th, Thursday. -- Took our boats and loading on our backs. Carried them 4 miles; rough walking; no path. In the afternoon we built a block house to leave our sick.
October 13th, Friday. -- A raw, cold morning; had some snow. A number at work cutting a road across the first part of the carrying place to a pond. In the afternoon removed our tent and baggage and encamped by the pond.
October 14th, Saturday. -- This morning we brought the remainder of our loading over the pond. In the afternoon we crossed the pond about one half a mile, unloaded our boats and hauled them up. Encamped.
October 15th, Sunday. -- This morning carried our boats to the second pond, one mile, and launched them. Crossed the pond one mile, unloaded the boats, carried them one mile in the woods and encamped.
October 16th, Monday. -- Carried our boats and loading to the third pond, one mile from where we encamped. Loaded our boats and crossed the pond which was about two miles. Unloaded our boats and carried them one-half mile in the woods and encamped.
October 17th, Tuesday. -- This morning we carried our boats and loading across to Dead river, two miles from where we encamped.
October 18th, Wednesday. -- Pleasant day and smooth water. Went 21 miles on the river. Carried over one carrying place about 5 rods and encamped by the river.
October 19th, Thursday. -- A rainy day! This afternoon we set out; went about 5 miles and encamped. Rainy , uncomfortable weather.
October 20th, Friday. -- Thick weather and rainy; traveled by land about 14 miles, rough walking; carried our boats over one carrying place about 10 rods.
October 21th, Saturday. -- Continues wet and stormy; I traveled by land; exceedingly wet and bad traveling; carried over two carrying places; one about 20 and the other 30 rods; went about 8 miles; encamped at a carrying place.
October 22nd, Sunday. -- Last night we lost by the freshet one barrel of powder and one barrel of pork, which was carried off the bank; today we went about 4 miles; carried over two carrying places; one about 50 rods and the other 70; at night the footmen could not find the boats; we encamped in the woods; had nothing to eat.
October 23rd, Monday. -- Set out this morning, found the boats; got refreshments and set out again; we took a wrong branch of the river; went 4 miles out of the way, and had to go back again; got but five miles forward; carried over one carrying place about 15 rods. Our provisions grow short.
October 24th, Tuesday. -- Last night a council was held; it was agreed upon all who were not able to carry packs and provision should be sent back; four were sent out of our company; an advance party was sent forward, commanded by Capt. Hanchitt to go to the inhabitants of Canada in order to provide for the army; a sergeant and seven men were sent out of company for this purpose. Today we lost one of our boats coming over the falls; saved the provisions; we have three boats left; we took our packs on our backs and about noon set out; went six miles and encamped in the woods; we have a short allowance.
October 25th, Wednesday. -- The ground covered with snow; set out early in the morning; carried over three carrying places, one 4 rods, one 5 rods, and one about one half a mile; got eight miles forward today; a cold snow; a squally day.
October 26th, Thursday. -- We carried our boats out of the river into a pond; crossed the pond; carried them into another pond and crossed that; the two carrying places and ponds about one mile and a half; encamped by the pond.
October 27th, Friday. -- Three of the companies were discouraged and turned back; carried over two carrying places; crossed two ponds the whole of four miles; Col. Arnold with the advanced guard party sent back orders to leave all boats and take what provisions we had on our backs and go as fast as possible; in the afternoon we hauled up the boats; all but one in a company; divided our provisions equally among all; got in readiness to march.
October 28th, Saturday. -- Set out this morning with all our packs; went seven miles and encamped in Shedoer streams.
October 29th, Sunday. -- Set out early in the morning. Six miles down the stream very bad traveling, through a swamp, to our knees in water. I got in a batteaux and went across the lake, which was 14 miles, and then encamped away from the company.
October 30th. Monday. -- At the river Chandiere, set out on the boat down the river; went 15 miles with great difficulty, the river being so rapid and rocky. At length we were obliged to put in shore, for there, is no passing by water. Three boats were sunk and stove to pieces, belonging to different companies, and all lost one or two men with them. The rest narrowly escaped. We built a fire on shore to dry ourselves and wait until our company came up, which they did about sunset, then we encamped.
October 31st, Tuesday. -- At Chandiere river a great number of our men being much beat with hunger and fatigue, were not able to keep up with the main body. It was thought best to leave them behind to the mercy of the woods, and to get along as fast as they could. At sunrise we set out, leaving 5 of our company behind; we had rough walking; over rough mountains and through almost impregnable swamps; traveled 15 miles, and then we encamped. There is scarcely any one who has any more than a one day's provision, and that small, and a great number none at all. Some have had none at all for two days. Capt. Goodrich's company have nothing but a large dog, which they have killed and ate tonight.
November 1st, Wednesday. -- Set out weak and faint, having nothing at all to eat; the ground covered with snow; traveled 15 miles and encamped. Eat part of the hind quarter of a dog for supper; we are in a pitiful condition.
November 2nd, Thursday. -- Set early this morning, very much discouraged, having nothing to eat, and no prospect of anything; we are so faint and weak we can scarcely walk, obliged to lighten our packs, having been upon a very short allowance for sixteen days. We traveled about eleven miles, and to our great joy met a supply of provisions sent out to us by Col. Arnold from the inhabitants of Canada. We were glad to see them-our friends-we killed one of the cattle immediately and refreshed ourselves; encamped.
November 3rd, Friday. -- This morning we took new courage and set out, leaving but 14 miles to travel to the inhabitants of Canada. A snow storm; the going exceedingly miry. About two o'clock we espied a house-then gave three huzzas, for we have not seen a house before for thirty days. We came to the inhabitants; the village is called Satagan. The people are all French and Indians, but they are exceedingly kind to us. Here we have provisions provided for us, but could not be entertained in a house, there being but three or four, and those small. The Indians live in wigwams. We refreshed ourselves and built huts and fires, but were uncomfortable, there being a bad snow storm.
November 4th, Saturday. -- We set out early this morning; had bad traveling by reason of the late snow. We traveled 10 miles and got refreshments; got liberty of one of the inhabitants to sleep in his house. The people are kind to us.
November 5th, Sunday. -- After having been kindly entertained this morning we got passage down the river 14 miles, and put up at a house where we were kindly received. Here we found a woman who could speak English.
November 6th, Monday. -- Traveled about 3 miles this morning; came up with Col. Arnold and the advance army; took refreshment and marched on; came to a place of woods just at night, which was 12 miles thro', which obliged us to travel late on exceedingly bad traveling, almost knee deep in mire; put up in a house.
November 7th, Tuesday. -- A snow storm; very bad stirring; we went about three miles and put up until afternoon; set out again; traveled 3 miles, and put up within 9 miles of Quebec.
November 8th, Wednesday. -- Set out this morning. We traveled about 4 miles; were ordered to halt and wait for further orders. We are within 3 miles of Quebec. We tarried all night waiting for further orders. Our colonel has gone to Point Levi. We expect a great resistance at Quebec. The inhabitants have been very kind to us since we have been among them.
November 9th, Thursday. -- A thick cloudy morning. We have not had a fair day since we have been in the country. Went to Point Levi; set guard there along the river side against Quebec to prevent any passing into the city. We took a midshipman belonging to one of the frigates. We have but little prospect of obtaining the city at present.
November 10th, Friday. -- On guard at Point Levi. The frigates fired upon our guards several times. In the afternoon was relieved from guard.
November 11th, Saturday. -- At Point Levi. In the afternoon we were getting readiness to cross the river St Lawrence, and making spears and ladders in order to scale the walls of the city. I was ordered away to work on making spears; went fourteen miles to a forge; at work all night after we got there.
November 12th, Sunday. -- We were at work all day until night, when we received orders to go back to our quarters.
November 13th, Monday. -- At Point Levi the carpenters were all drawn out to making ladders and paddles; this morning all were ordered to go down to the river to a place of rendezvous, in order to cross over the boats all prepared; a pleasant night; we crossed the river undiscovered by the enemy, landed at Wolfe's cove; marched up the plains of Abram; set guard on the plains; took quarters in some Tory houses.
November 14th, Tuesday. -- This morning the enemy came out and took one of our sentinels. We were alarmed; marched down within a few rods of the walls; we were fired upon several times, but received no damage. We marched back again to our quarters.
November 15th, Wednesday. -- We were alarmed this morning; the alarm proved false; last evening our colonel sent a flag to the city; the enemy fired upon him; he sent him again this morning, but he was refused again today; we took two prisoners and a wagon loaded with flour that was going into the city. We have set guards and cut off the communications between the country and the city.
November 16th, Thursday. -- At St. Foir this morning sent out scouting parties after cattle, that were going into the city, but got none. There was a brisk firing in the city with the cannon and small arms; one of our sergeants had his leg shot off by a cannon ball; the enemy kept a continual firing at our guards.
November 17th, Friday. -- Pleasant today. One of the enemy deserted and came to us, gave some information of affairs in the city; today took 140 bushels of flour and 25 hogs from a Tory.
November 18th, Saturday. -- Last night we took one barrel of flour, one barrel of powder, one barrel of coffee that came out of the city. A number of the enemy sallied out upon our sentinels, but were timely discovered and driven back. We had orders to lay upon our arms and be ready upon the shortest notice.
November 19th, Sunday. -- We turned out this morning at three o'clock. Our colonel told us the situation of our army is such that there is no probability of getting into the city till we are reinforced by Gen. Montgomery; he not thinking it safe to tarry here, it was concluded best to march back into the country. Set out on our march; went 20 miles up the river to a village called Point aux Tremble, and took quarters there.
November 20th, Monday. -- An express came from Gen. Montgomery who is on his way to Quebec. He sent orders for us to wait until he reinforces us. We took quarters in different houses in the village.
November 21st, Tuesday. -- Our army almost barefooted. All the shoemakers drawn out to work up some leather taken from some Tories. Little or no duty done.
November 22nd, Wednesday. -- This morning a guard sent off to Cape Rogue Ferry, 14 miles below Point aux Tremble.
November 23rd, Thursday. -- This morning I went on guard at headquarters. The post arrived this morning from Montreal, by whom by whom we were informed that Gen. Montgomery is on his march to Quebec.
November 24th, Friday. -- This morning relieved from guard. Had some snow today.
November 25th, Saturday. -- Three frigates came up the river and anchored off of Point aux Tremble, where we are quartered. Heard from Boston by some gentlemen from Quebec. A frigate arrived here which had a short passage from Boston.
November 26th, Sunday. -- This morning the frigate got under way, and went up the river.
November 27th, Monday. -- This morning a post arrived at headquarters, who informed us that a number of cannon and some ammunition was landed at St. Anne's thirty miles above Point aux Tremble, which was brought down by land. In the afternoon a guard of sixty were sent off to meet it. I was drawn out to go-traveled 15 miles, put up at De Shamble.
November 28th, Tuesday. -- Turned out at 4 o'clock this morning; traveled 10 miles; met the ammunition and guns on carriages; marched back to De Shamble; put up.
November 29th, Wednesday. -- A bad snow storm which detained us from traveling.
November 30th, Thursday. -- The snow deep. Set out this morning. Bad traveling. We arrived at headquarters at Port aux Tremble near dark.
December 1st, Friday. -- Gen. Montgomery arrived at Point aux Tremble. Came down by water on an armed schooner, accompanied by three men laden with provisions and stores taken up the river. In the afternoon were all ordered down to the chappel where the General is to land, to welcome him on shore. We paid our respects to the General. Received orders to be ready to march at eight o'clock the next morning.
December 2nd, Saturday. -- The General gave orders that each man in Col. Arnold's party have suit of clothes and one dollar in money as a present given to him. Getting in readiness to march on Quebec. A party of the General's men arrived. I was drawn out to go down the river in a batteaux to carry some cannon down. Slept on board the schooner.
December 3rd, Sunday. -- Bad weather. Josiah Carr, one of our company died with sickness this morning. Loaded our boat with cannon and carriages. The wind blows fresh and squally. Set out at dark. Went down within six miles of Quebec and landed.
December 4th, Monday. -- Today we landed our cannon and unloaded our boat. We made an attempt to cross the river to get some scaling ladders we left before our retreat. Could not by reason of ice.
December 5th, Tuesday. -- This morning we went to St. Foir and took our quarters there, two miles from Quebec.
December 6th, Wednesday. -- The most of the army has arrived. We are getting in readiness to lay siege to Quebec. The small pox is all around us and there is great danger of it spreading in the army. There are spies sent out of Quebec every day, and some taken almost every day, both men and women. We have a strong guard set around the city, and last night we took a small schooner that was bound for Quebec loaded with provisions.
December 7th, Thursday. -- Today we took 15 prisoners. We had several cannon shot fired upon our guards, A bad snow storm.
December 8th, Friday. -- This morning we carried two field pieces down to St. Roche's suburbs, against the city gates to prevent the enemy coming out.
December 9th, Saturday. -- Employed in getting cannon and mortars ready to carry to St. Roche's in order to cannonade the city. In the evening the guard was doubled. Thirty-two men out of our company on fatigue. At one o'clock at night opened our battery-threw about thirty shells into the city. We had a number of shells and some shot thrown at us. We had one man wounded. We are throwing up breastworks in different places. I am on guard at the Nunnery.
December 10th, Sunday. -- This morning at daylight we moved our cannon and mortars from the suburbs. All still at sunrise. In the afternoon the enemy began to play upon us who are on guard and fatigue, with cannon and small arms. About noon the enemy came out of the city and set fire to St. Johns suburbs which burned the rest of the day and part of the night. Our guards took two of those who came out. At night we went down to St. Roche's with five mortars and threw forty shells into the city. The enemy kept up a continual fire upon us with cannon, and threw a number of shells out to us but did no damage.
December 11th, Monday. -- We kept the enemy busy playing upon us from on part of the city, whilst we were fortifying in another part. We have got our works almost completed. Today we had a man wounded, and a women killed by a shot from the city. We have our breastworks finished on the plains. We threw 35 shells into the city in the night.
December 12th, Tuesday. -- Exceedingly cold. Our guards were moved down towards the city; but little firing on either side today. At night I was on guard. We moved our cannon down to our batteries; getting in readiness to storm the city.
December 13th, Wednesday. -- Today the enemy kept a continual firing with cannon and small arms. At night we were employed mounting our cannon on our breastworks. We had a number of shells thrown at us in breastworks. At midnight we were beat off by snow.
December 14th, Thursday. -- The enemy kept up a continual firing upon us in our breastworks. We had three men killed and seven wounded in our fort. Employed tonight in getting in readiness to play upon the city in the morning.
December 15th Friday. -- Early this morning a hot cannonading began on both sides, which lasted several hours. We sent a flag to the city, but was refused. The firing began again and lasted till dark. We had one of our carriages cut down, and one man killed in our breastworks.
December 16th, Saturday. -- Had but little firing today. We had one man killed with grape shot. I am unwell, and have been for three days unfit for duty.
December 17th. Sunday. -- I was ordered to the hospital. A bad storm; could not go.
December 18th, Monday. -- Myself and four more of our company were carried to the Nunnery. All still on both sides.
December 19th, Tuesday. -- Today three of those who came to the hospital with me broke out with the small pox; I have the same symptoms.
December 20th, Wednesday. -- This morning my bedfellow, with myself, were broken out with the small pox; we were carried three miles out in the country out of the camp; I am very ill.
December 21st, Thursday. -- The small pox spreads fast in our army.
December 22nd, Friday. -- Poor Attendance; no beds to lie on; no medicine to take; troubled much with a sore throat.
December 23rd, Saturday. -- My distemper works very bad. Does not fill out.
December 24th, Sunday. -- I feel much better today; am able to sit up much of the day.
December 25th, Monday. -- Christmas; a pleasant day. We had nothing from the camp.
December 26th, Tuesday. -- There were two men brought here today with the small pox.
December 27th, Wednesday. -- A man in our room died today with the small pox. I am getting better every day.
December 28th, Thursday. -- All the houses in the neighborhood are full of our soldiers with the small pox. It goes favorably with most of them.
December 29th, Friday. -- We have nothing from camp.
December 30th, Saturday. -- My distemper leaves me fast. I went to the door today.
December 31st, Sunday. -- Heard from camp that Gen. Montgomery intended to storm the city soon. A bad snow storm. One of our company died of small pox about twelve o'clock tonight.
Diary Part I
Diary Part III
Haskell Home Page.